Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. A basement can be used in almost exactly the same manner as an additional basement parking design pdf-ground floor of a house or other building. However, the use of basements depends largely on factors specific to a particular geographical area such as climate, soil, seismic activity, building technology, and real estate economics. Great Britain and Ireland where flooding can be a problem, though they may be used on larger structures.
Basements are much easier to construct in areas with relatively soft soils, and may be foregone in places where the soil is too compact for easy excavation. For most of its early history, the basement took one of two forms. It could be little more than a cellar, or it could be a section of a building containing rooms and spaces similar to those of the rest of the structure, as in the case of basement flats and basement offices. However, beginning with the development of large, mid-priced suburban homes in the 1950s, the basement, as a space in its own right, gradually took hold. The part of the floor lower than the ground can be considered the true basement area. From the street, some daylight basement homes appear to be one storey.
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Occupants can walk out at that point without having to use stairs. Full-size windows can be installed in a daylight basement. Ventilation is improved over fully buried basement homes, with less dampness and mold problems. Daylight basement homes typically appraise higher than standard-basement homes, since they include more viable living spaces.
In some parts of the US, however, the appraisal for daylight basement space is half that of ground and above ground level square footage. Garages on both levels are sometimes possible. As with any multilevel home, there are savings on roofing and foundations. In a “look-out” basement, the basement walls extend sufficiently above ground level that some of the basement windows are above ground level.
Where the site slopes gently and is insufficient for a walk-out basement, a look-out basement tends to result. Sometimes, a look-out basement is deliberately constructed even on a flat site. The advantage is that the basement windows are all above grade. The disadvantage is that the main floor entry is above grade as well, utilizing stairs to access the main floor. It is a very economical design because the basement is shallower, and excavation costs are reduced. Some designs cover the stairwell with angled “basement doors” or “bulkhead doors” to keep rain water from accumulating in the stairwell.