Symbols allow people to go beyond what is known or seen by creating linkages between otherwise very different mathematical symbols and meaning pdf and experiences. Symbols take the form of words, sounds, gestures, ideas or visual images and are used to convey other ideas and beliefs.
For example, a red octagon may be a symbol for “STOP”. On a map, a blue line might represent a river. Personal names are symbols representing individuals. A red rose may symbolize love and compassion.
The variable ‘x’, in a mathematical equation, may symbolize the position of a particle in space. The sense evolution in Greek is from “throwing things together” to “contrasting” to “comparing” to “token used in comparisons to determine if something is genuine. Hence, “outward sign” of something. We must distinguish, therefore between the ‘sense’ and the ‘meaning’ of the symbol. It seems to me perfectly clear that all the great and little symbolical systems of the past functioned simultaneously on three levels: the corporeal of waking consciousness, the spiritual of dream, and the ineffable of the absolutely unknowable. The ineffable, the absolutely unknowable, can be only sensed.
Through all of these a transcendent reality is mirrored. There are so many metaphors reflecting and implying something which, though thus variously expressed, is ineffable, though thus rendered multiform, remains inscrutable. Symbols hold the mind to truth but are not themselves the truth, hence it is delusory to borrow them. Each civilisation, every age, must bring forth its own. Symbols are a means of complex communication that often can have multiple levels of meaning.
Human cultures use symbols to express specific ideologies and social structures and to represent aspects of their specific culture. Symbols are the basis of all human understanding and serve as vehicles of conception for all human knowledge. Symbols facilitate understanding of the world in which we live, thus serving as the grounds upon which we make judgments. Semiotics studies focus on the relationship of the signifier and the signified, also taking into account interpretation of visual cues, body language, sound, and other contextual clues. Semioticians thus not only study what a symbol implies, but also how it got its meaning and how it functions to make meaning in society. In Jung’s view, a sign stands for something known, as a word stands for its referent.
For example, written languages are composed of a variety of different symbols that create words, p. Through these written words humans communicate with each other. One example he uses to indicate what he means by the misuse of symbol is the story of a man who, when told that a particular food item was whale blubber, could barely keep from throwing it up. Later, his friend discovered it was actually just a dumpling. But the man’s reaction was a direct consequence of the symbol of “blubber” representing something inedible in his mind.