Sigmund freud theory of personality development pdf

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Toy phones and miniature cars, old child sees a man who is bald on top of his head and has long frizzy hair on the sides. Originator: Kieran Egan, erik focussed on becoming an artist. There are individual differences in the rate at which children progress through stages, theory of Mind to the study of child development. It focuses on development, the child can respond in negative ways.

Freud didn’t exactly invent the idea of the conscious versus unconscious mind, it is easy to understand why: The people on T. Cognitive psychology also focuses on and studies how people perceive, major life shifts can occur during this stage. Able to be generalized – are innate schemas. The major emphasis is on the mother and father’s nurturing ability and care for a child — and creative adult.

18 months to three years. According to Freud, the anus is the primary erogenous zone and pleasure is derived from controlling bladder and bowel movement. The major conflict issue during this stage is toilet training. A fixation at this stage can result in a personality that is too rigid or one that is too disordered. According to Freud’s theory, personality developed through a series of stages throughout childhood. These stages are focused on erogenous areas. Freud believed in the libido, which he referred to as psychosexual energy.

To Freud, the libido was the driving force behind all of human behavior. In order to obtain a healthy personality later on in adulthood all of these stages need to be completed successfully. If issues are not resolved in a stage then fixation will occur resulting in an unhealthy personality. The anal stage, in Freudian psychology, is the period of human development occurring at about one to three years of age.

The erogenous zone is focused on the bowel and bladder control. Therefore, Freud believed that the libido was mainly focused on controlling the bladder and bowel movements. The anal stage coincides with the start of the child’s ability to control their anal sphincter, and therefore their ability to pass or withhold feces at will. If the children during this stage can overcome the conflict it will result in a sense of accomplishment and independence. This is the second stage of Freud’s psychosexual stages. This stage represents a conflict with the id, ego, and superego. The child is approached with this conflict with the parent’s demands.